To make 1 liter of 100 proof ethanol, combine 0.53 liters of 190 proof ethanol with 0.47 liters of water.
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A menstruum is the term for the liquid portion of a tincture.
A marc is the term for the solid ingredients (herb, botanical, fruit, vegetable, spice, etc) that are combined with a liquid to make a tincture.
A tincture is the result of combining any liquid + any herb (or botanical, spice, fruit, veg, etc). The liquid portion is the tincture.
Culinary Solvent is considered pure alcohol and is therefore taxed at a rate of $2.70 per proof gallon by the Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). This tax applied to ethanol is also known as the "Federal Excise Tax".
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Answer: According to tincture.recipes, your tincture is ready in as little as 3 minutes, or as many as 20 minutes. Some folks choose to let their tincture sit for longer than this, however there is no clear data showing that increased time over 20 minutes increases potency.
Answer: A "wine gallon" is a measurement of any liquid's total volume. 1 "wine gallon" is equal to 128 fl oz or 3.78 liters.
A "proof gallon" is a measurement of only the ethyl alcohol contained in a given volume of liquid. 1 proof gallon is equal to 1 wine gallon of liquid containing 50% ethanol.
See below for examples to demonstrate the point.
Answer: 1 gallon of 190 proof ethanol weighs 6.7943 lbs or 3.07 Kg
ANSWER: A fusel oil is a name for any alcohol with a longer molecular chain than ethanol.